Batik is an important part of the history of clothing in Indonesia especially on the island of Java long ago. It is said that batik has been known in the land of Java since the era of the kingdom of Majapahit and then developed until the era of the Mataram kingdom and until now batik continues to grow and has received recognition from UNESCO. Here are 3 types of batik cloth.
1. Written Batik
This type of batik cloth is the oldest type compared to the others. As the name implies, this batik cloth is made by writing using canting containing liquid hot wax. Before doing batik, the craftsmen must first describe the pattern.
In addition, batik cloth using the writing method will experience the coloring process for several times, the sagging process and the drying process. With a process that is quite a lot then it can be ascertained if the process will take a little time even for months.
The batik motifs produced by this writing technique have a fairly clear repetition pattern with a small pattern line size and although the price of this batik cloth is quite expensive but it is comparable to the quality of the batik cloth where the batik cloth will last long including the colors not easy to fade.
In addition, batik produced from writing techniques does not have the exact same shape and size but the motif will still look the same.
2. Printed Batik
This one batik cloth can also be called printed batik. As the name implies, the workmanship of this batik cloth uses a screen printing technique where the process does not require wax at all.
The motives produced from this printing technique will only be on one side different from the batik that can be seen on both sides. This screen printing technique is considered to be less good compared to other techniques because the colors produced will fade quickly, moreover the color cannot absorb into the fabric.
The shape and size of batik cloth with printing techniques can be the same or not. This is because this technique is very dependent on existing batik motifs.
3. Stamp Batik
As the name implies, the process of making batik cloth will use stamp techniques to produce patterned batik fabrics. The processing time of this stamp batik is faster than that of handmade batik and usually only takes up to 3 days. This tasting process is done manually by using a tool formed from copper.
The tool certainly has a certain batik motif and to make the motif the stamp will be inserted into the hot wax liquid and then lifted and stamped on the cloth which will become a batik cloth by pressing several timed. As with the use of printing techniques, the motives produced by this stamp technique are only on one side.
The shape and size of the stamp batik cloth will be the same but has the disadvantage of being less neat so that sometimes the resulting batik cloth will look rough.